November 25, 2009


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Throughout the 20th century, it was widely believed that Einstein's theories were valid for all conceivable conditions existing in the universe until the end of time.

This unreassuring condition was addressed by the Italian-American physicist Ruggero Maria Santilli (formerly from the Department of Mathematics of Harvard University under DOE grants ER-78-S-02-47420.A000, AS02-78ER04742, DE-ACO2-80ER10651; followed by DE-ACO2-80ER-10651.A001; DE-ACO2-80ER10651.A002; author of over 20 post Ph. D. monographs and some 300 papers published in refereed journals around the world, see his CV at ; and recipient of prestigious prizes and nominations, outlined in the website ).

Following over fifty years of research, Santilli has: 1) Confirmed the validity of Einstein's theories for the conditions clearly stated by Albert Einstein, essentially those of experior dynamical problems (point particles and electromagnetic waves moving in empty space); 2) Conducted mathematical, physical, chemical, and experimental studies establishing that Einstein's theories are inapplicable (rather then violated) under broader conditions they were not conceived for and never tested, essentially those of interior dynamical problems (extended particles and electromagnetic waves moving witnin physical media); and 3) Constructed covering mathematical, physical and chemical theories with novel industrial applications under way in various countries.

In our first announcement dated 09/09/09 (available at ) we indicated: the complete inability by special and general relativities to provide any classical representation of neutral antimatter (because their only distinction with matter is the sign of the charge); structural inconsistencies for the quantization of charged antiparticles; and the availability of grants for innovative mathematical theoretical and experimental research on the field.

In this second announcement (also available at ), we outline Santilli's studies on the inapplicability of Einstein's theories within physical media (interior dynamical problems) and indicate the availability of research grants in the field.

In future announcements we shall indicate the inapplicability of Einstein's theories for energy releasing processes due to the strict reversibility over time of the former compared to the strict irreversibility of the latter, with ensuing gross violations of thermodynamical, causality and other laws. We shall then indicate the emergence of truly new and truly clean energies permitted by covering theories, and the availability of research funds for basic advances so much needed by society.

To begin our outline, Santilli has shown that Einstein's theories are inapplicable within opaque media [21-28] because of the impossibility of even formulating their basic axioms due to the absence of light, while the reduction of classical opaque media to nice elementary particles nicely verifying Einstein's theories is prohibited by rigorously proved No Reduction Theorems. We are referring, e.g., to the impossibility for a consistent reduction of a spaceship in highly nonconservative and irreversible conditions during reentry in our atmosphere to nice quantum particles all in nice conservative conditions verifying Einstein's theories.

Additionally, Santilli has shown that Einstein's theories are equally inapplicable within transparent media such as water [loc. cit.], because of a litany of insufficiencies or sheer inconsistencies, such as the violation of one or another axiom. Moreover, the reduction to photons of light propagating within physical media is indeed valid for a quantitative representation, when applicable (see below), of the relatively small dispersal of the light beam in water, but it is fundamentally flawed when extended to the entire beam because of: 1) Proved inability to allow a numerical (rather than the usua conceptual) representation of experimental data, such as the angle of refraction, its dependence on frequency, etc.; 2) Proved inability to provide any meaningful representation of electromagnetic waves with large wavelength propagating in water for which the reduction to photons has no meaning; 3) Gross inconsistencies caused by the need that a very large number of photons traverse a very large number of nuclei as necessary to explain the propagation of the light beam in water along a straight line; and other technical inconsistencies (see [21-28] for technical details).

Above all, Santilli has established mathematically, theoretically and experimentally that the speed of light in water cannot be a "universal constant" as it is in vacuum, thus voiding the very formulation of Einstein's theories. After all, in vacuum all inertial frames are equivalent and there is no privileged reference frame with full validity of special relativity. By comparison, in water there is only the privileged reference frame at rest with the medium, and the formulation of inertial frames has no meaning due to friction, with consequential inapplicability of special relativity in favor of Santilli isorelativity. In any case, there has been no experimental verification of the constancy of the speed of light within transparent media, while its reduction to photons (studiously conceived to maintain Einstein's theories) is basically flawed. Hence, the validity of special relativity within transparent media is, at best, a personal opinion at this writing and definitely not an established physical truth.

In essence, Santilli's studies have established the need for the return to the Maxwellian conception of light as a transversal electromagnetic wave propagating in the ether as a universal substratum with local speed C = c/n. In fact, such a conception allows a numerical representation of all experimental data for electromagnetic waves of all possible frequencies propagating within transparent media, including the propagation through nuclei due to its actual occurrence in their substratum, rather than the hyperolic theology that particle-type photons cross through a large number of nuclei without any scattering. The Foundation would appreciate the indication of papers published in refereed journals showing that the reduction of light to photons allows a similar numerical representation of all experimental data for the propagation in water of electromagnetic waves with all possible frequencies.

As noted by Pauli in his book on Special Relativity, and known to serious historians, in 1889 Lorentz initially attempted but failed to achieve the invariance of the locally varying speed of light C = c/n with a generally nonlinear local dependence of the index of refraction non position r, frequency f, density d, etc. Consequently, Lorentz had to restrict his study to the invariance of the constant speed of light c in vacuum, that was brilliantly achieved, and it is now part of history.

Beginning with his Ph. D. studies (see, e.g., paper [1] of 1967), Santilli dedicated his research life to the "Lorentz problem," namely, the invariance of locally varying speeds of light C = c/n(r, f, d, ...). Firstly, he established that Lorentz's inability was due to insufficiencies of the underlying Lie's theory due to its strict linearly and canonicity compared to the general nonlinear and noncanonical character of locally varying speeds of light. Then, he spent decades in purely mathematical research to construct a structural covering of Lie's theory, today known as the Lie-Santilli isotheory (see originating papers [1-3], monographs [21-28] and independent studied [29-33]) for the invariant characterization of nonlinear and noncanonical interior dynamical systems. Beginning in the early 1980s, Santilli spent additional decades for the construction of the Lie-isotopic covering (also called deformation) of each part of the Lorentz and Poincare' symmetry, including the isotopies of the rotational, spin, Lorentz, translation, discrete and spinorial symmetries 8-16], today collectively known as the Lorentz-Poincare'-Santilli (LPS) isosymmetry [29-33] that has been proved: A) Providing the universal invariance for all possible signature-preserving generalizations of the Minkowski line elements, thus including the universal invariance of the Riemannian, Finslerian and all other possible line elements in (3+1)-dimension; B) Resulting in being locally isomorphic to the conventional Lorebtz-Poincare' symmetry at the abstract, realization-free level, thus honoring Einstein by enlarging the applicability of his axioms via appropriate new mathematics; and C) Recovering the conventional Lorentz=Poincare' symmetry when motion returns to be in vacuum. By comparison, it should be recalled that the so-called "deformations of special relativity and Minkowski spacetime" are afflicted by catastrophic inconsistencies due to lack of invariance and other reasons.

After that, Santilli provided experimental verifications of the LPS isosymmetry and related covering of special relativity, known as Santilli isorelativity [8-16, 21-28] in classical physics, particle physics, nuclear physics, superconductivity, chemistry, biology, astrophysics and cosmology (for a review of the vast literature, one may inspect Chapter 5 of [34]), He then confronted experimentally the problem of the structure of light based on the principle that no alteration of the behavior of light in vacuum is possible within physical media without an underlying mutation of the Minkowski spacetime (called deformation in its noninvariant form) [8]. He then noted that the LPS isosymmetry admits a redshift even when v = 0, known as Santilli isoredshift [18,24], and referred to a shift of the frequency toward the red for light propagating within physical media without any relative motion between the source, the medium and the detector. Light merely releases energy to the medium due to evident interactions, with consequential decrease of its frequency without relative motions, thus causing isoredshift.

Santilli then built at the laboratory of the Institute for Basic Research (IBR) in Florida the Isoredshift Testing Station, , and confirmed the existence of the isoredshift thanks to the assistance of IBR technicians as well as U. S. laser companies 19]. Santilli additionally established that his isoredshift is necessary for a consistent numerical representation of the colors of our atmosphere when the Sun is at the Zenith, Sunset and Sunrise 19,24]. A number of new industrial applications are under way in corporate conduits, unfortunately, without release of the information to academia at this writing due to their truly basic novelty.

The scientific implications of Santilli fifty years research on light are rather serious. To give an idea, we mention the following:

Implications in particle physics: the establishing of a mutation of spacetime within a physical medium also holds for the scattering region, with consequential possible lack of exact character of the conventional unitary scattering theory used at CERN and other particle physic laboratories around the world, with related unsettled character of the claimed "experimental results," and the validity of a covering nonunitary-isounitary scattering theory characterized by the LPS isosymmetry [20] In any case, serious scholar will certainly debate the appropriate covering of the scattering theory, but not claim that Einstein's theories are exact for high energy inelastic scattering due to the strict reversibility of the former compared to the extreme irreversibility of the latter and numerous other insufficiencies [20] that should be expected from a 20th century theory confronting 21st century energies.

Implications in astrophysics and cosmology [18,19,28]: the absence of the expansion of the universe (because intergalactic space is not empty, but a physical medium characterized by the LPS isosymmetry); the absence of dark matter (because reduced to a radially decreasing isoredshift caused by innergalactic media); and the absence of dark energy (because the LPS isosymmetry does not admit infinities at v = c, thus allowing fully causal. speeds C = c/n bigger than c within hyperdense media, such as those in the interior of black holes, quasars and stars. A full representation of the dynamics of the universe then follows from the isoequivalence principle. Besides being the initiator of antimatter astrophysics indicated in the first announcement, Santilli is also the initiator of a new era in astrophysics and cosmology in which the current establishing of personal theologies via sole academic consensus is replaced with experimental verifications on Earth along the teaching of Galileo Galilei.

Implications in chemistry [27]: the establishing of a new chemical species, today known as Santilli magnecules, recently confirmed by various tests, and related fuels, now in production and sale by corporations in various countries. Additionally, the mutation of the Minkowski spacetime treated via relativistic hadronic mechanics and its underlying LPS isosymmetry permit the conception, quantitative treatment and industrial development of basically new clean energies outlined in a future announcement.

By remembering that experiments remain valid unless disproved via counter-experiments published in refereed journals (rather than via unpublished personal opinions), it is hoped serious scholars, governmental funding officers and observers will participate in the scientific process under way on the inevitable limitations and consequential surpassing of Einsteinian theories so much needed by sociaty, and exercise caution in venturing personal, experimentally unverified or dismissed theologies particularly when operating under public funds.

The studies by Santilli and his associates have passed the mark of 20,000 pages of published research including some 30 or so post Ph. D. monographs, some 60 volumes of conference proceedings and over 2,000 papers. Evidently, we can indicate here only original important works.

Representative mathematical papers
[1] (1967)
[2] (1978)
[3] (1985)
[4] (1993)
[5] (1996)
[6] (1996)
[7] (2003)

Santilli's original papers, dating from 1983, on his deformation of the Lorentz symmetry
[8] (1983)
[9] (1983)
[10] (1985)
[11] (1993)
[12] (1993)
[13] (1993)
[14] (1995)
[15] (1998)
[16] (1998)
[17] (2000)

Ongoing studies in astrophysics and cosmology
[18] (2007)

Ongoing studies on isoredshift
[19] (2008)

Ongoing studies on the covering nonunitary scattering theory [20] (2009)

Representatiove monographs by Santilli
[21] (1978)
[22] (1982)
[23] (1991)
[24] (1991)
[25] (1995)
[26] (1995)
[27] (2001)
[28] (2008)

Representative monographs by independent authors
[29] (1991)
[30] (1993)
[31] (1996)
[32] (2001)
[33] (2001)

A general review by the Foundation with free download of original works
[34] (2009)

A fifty page long general bibliography on Santilli discoveries (papers only
(monographs and conference proceedings not yet added)
[35] (2007)

Research funds for innovative studies on light are available for the following and related topics

Mathematical grants: studies on the various branches of the Lie-Santilli isotheory, including, e.g., the completion via the addition of exceptional simple algebras of Gr. Tsagas' unification of all simple Lie algebras into one single Santilli isotope with the same dimension (see [30] and );

Theoretical grants: proof via the use of the conventional relativistic scattering theory that the reduction of light to photons cannot represent the angle of refraction, the color of the atmosphere at Sunset and Sunrise, and other basic interior dynamical problems.

Experimental grants: qualified laser experts the world over with equipment sensitive down to the nanometer (but not the Angstrom) are invited to use the Isoredshift Testing Station in Florida ( ) for independent measurements of isoredshift.

For grant guidelines, please visit the website . Prof. Santilli can be reached for technical issues at his email .

Ongoing funded research can be partially seen in the website

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Yours, Truly

Richard Anderson
The R. M. Santilli Foundation

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